13 All things music & Video

The Ultimate Guide for the rest of us


13 All things music & Video

Postby LeadFingers » Thu Apr 03, 2008 6:21 am

Music & Video software... what is it, where do I get it, & how do I install it

For Hardy users there's a better guide on the Main Ubuntu forum.
Read it here
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=766683&highlight=opening+app+screen


This is copied from the main Ubuntu forum
Thanks to Amazona aestiva for the wonderful job
Last updated: 02-03-2008
I've only tested the x86 packages, of Feisty Fawn and Gutsy Gibbon.



________Tip/how to:video/audio recording,converting,editing,playing________
Hi! Let's start video editing!
I'll give You a few tips and a little information about this.

I use the following: Avidemux, Kino, Kdenlive, DeVeDe, MPlayer, Kaffeine, Amarok and Audacity.

I think the most reliable video editor and player: Avidemux & VLC media player

__________***Note***__________
It is recommended to install ffmpeg, mencoder, libxvidcore4, Xine, w32codecs and GStreamer because these are used by many programs!(players and encoders)
Easy way to install these:
Feisyt:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-dv gstreamer0.8-dvd gstreamer0.8-faac gstreamer0.8-faad gstreamer0.8-misc gstreamer0.10-alsa gstreamer0.10-doc gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-gl gstreamer0.10-gnomevfs gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-gnonlin-dev gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-doc gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-base gstreamer0.10-plugins-base-apps gstreamer0.10-plugins-base-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-base-doc gstreamer0.10-plugins-farsight gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-good-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-good-doc gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-doc gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse-dbg gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-tools gstreamer0.10-x gstreamer-tools irb1.8 liba52-0.7.4 libbreakpoint-ruby1.8 libcdaudio1 libcmdparse2-ruby1.8 libdaemonize-ruby1.8 libdvdnav4 libdvdread3 libdvdplay0 libfaac0 libfaad2-0 libfreebob0 libgems-ruby1.8 libglib2-ruby libgsm1 libgstreamer0.8-0 libgstreamer0.8-ruby libgstreamer0.10-0 libgstreamer0.10-0-dbg libgstreamer0.10-ruby1.8 libgstreamer-gconf0.8-0 libgstreamer-perl libgstreamer-plugins0.8-0 libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-0 libgstreamer-plugins-pulse0.10-0 libid3tag0 libjack0.100.0-0 libjinglebase0.3-0 libjinglep2p0.3-0 libjinglexmllite0.3-0 libjinglexmpp0.3-0 liblame0 liblog4r-ruby1.8 libmad0 libmjpegtools0c2a libmms0 libmp4v2-0 libmpcdec3 libmpeg2-4 libncurses-ruby1.8 libopenssl-ruby1.8 libpulse0 libquicktime0 libreadline-ruby1.8 libruby1.8 libruby1.8-dbg libruby1.8-extras libsidplay1 libsoundtouch1c2 libswfdec0.3 libwavpack1 libxvidcore4 libxvidcore4-dev rdoc1.8 ruby1.8 ruby ffmpeg mencoder mplayer xvid4conf libxine-extracodecs libxine1-ffmpeg libxine1 mozilla-mplayer

Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-alsa gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegdemux gstreamer0.10-gl gstreamer0.10-gnomevfs gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-gnonlin-dev gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-base gstreamer0.10-plugins-base-apps gstreamer0.10-plugins-base-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-farsight gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-good-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-dbg gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse-dbg gstreamer0.10-schroedinger gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-x libgstreamer0.10-0 irb1.8 liba52-0.7.4 libcdaudio1 libdvdnav4 libdvdread3 libfaac0 libfaad2-0 libfreebob0 libid3tag0 libjack0.100.0-0 libjinglebase0.3-0 libjinglep2p0.3-0 libjinglexmllite0.3-0 libjinglexmpp0.3-0 liblame0 libmad0 libmjpegtools0c2a libmms0 libmp4v2-0 libmpcdec3 libmpeg2-4 libncurses-ruby1.8 libopenssl-ruby1.8 libpulse0 libquicktime0 libreadline-ruby1.8 libruby1.8 libruby1.8-dbg libruby1.8-extras libsidplay1 libsoundtouch1c2 libswfdec0.3 libwavpack1 libxvidcore4 libxvidcore4-dev rdoc1.8 ruby1.8 ruby ffmpeg mencoder mplayer xvid4conf libxine1-ffmpeg libxine1 mozilla-mplayer


Install libdvdcss2:
libdvdcss2 1.2.9 - x86
libdvdcss2 1.2.9 - amd64

and install w32codecs too:
w32codecs - x86
Under 64 bit it's difficult a bit:
Download and unpack these files from this, to /usr/lib/win32/
Permission to do this:
Type:
Code: Select all
gksudo nautilus

__________***Warning***___________
A window should appear, and You'll have permission to anything in it, so BE CAREFUL!



__________***Note 1***__________
MEncoder has a serious bug, that makes the output sound HORRIBLE(when encoding)! I advise to check it using DeVeDe's preview option. Don't install this fix if needn't.
Install:
mplayer_fixed.tar.bz2
Install steps:
1) Unpack it
2) Open terminal
3) type cd (directory where you extracted)
Example: cd /home/nandor/Desktop/mplayer_fixed
4) Type:
Code: Select all
sudo ./install.sh

5) Than You should see Done. MPlayer and Mencoder downgraded. which means success!


________________________Movie collection managers_____________________

Griffith:
It's really nice!
Feisty:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install griffith

Gutsy:
Griffith 0.9.6 - x86 and amd64

GCstar:
Gutsy:
GCstar 1.3.2 - x86 and amd64


________________________Video/Audio players__________________________

Totem: (default)
It's codec(GStreamer) is buggy, because it's under development.
Example: Seek Slider go mad when playing .mpg, and error message.
There is another version of Totem, which uses the Xine codec. You have to choose, because totem-gstreamer and totem-xine cannot be installed same time.
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install totem-xine


Kaffeine: One of my favorites!
This is a very nice player. It plays almost everything! So If You want to use only one player, this is what You need!
Install:
1) Download and install from here: Don't start Kaffeine until I say!
Kaffeine 0.8.5 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install kaffeine

2) Install libdvdcss2 and w32codecs, if you haven't done it.

3) Now start Kaffeine. The first window checks the codecs and other things. Everything should be OK.


Mplayer: One of my favorites!
Many supported formats to play.
It has a lot of extra features, like equalizer and skins.
The first Code installs it, and it's Mozilla Firefox plug-in.
There is a newer one for Gutsy.
If it cannot initialize video output device:
Preferences/Video
There I chose gl2 X11 (OpenGL) - multiple textures version

VLC media player:
Really nice, with many and useful features.
Supported formats: .avi/.mpg/.mp3/.ogg(vorbis audio)/etc.
Something special: VLC converts video and audio files into other format!
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install vlc


Songbird:
Songbird is a desktop Web player, a digital jukebox and Web browser mash-up. Like Winamp, it supports extensions and skins feathers.
Install:
Songbird 0.4 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy
Songbird 0.2.5 - x86 - Feisty


User interface (GUI) for Xine: "Xine Player"
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install xine-ui




___________________________Audio players_____________________________

Amarok: One of my favorites!
Beautiful and stable with many extra features!
Winamp like player. (I think Amarok is much better than Winamp.)
It can:
-connect to URL
-equalizer, visualizations and much much more!
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install amarok

A special applet for Amarok.


Banshee:
Good music player, try it!
Install:
Banshee 0.13.1 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install banshee



Exaile!:
Amarok like audio player for Gnome.
Install:
Exaile! 0.2.10 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install exaile



Rhythmbox: (default)
It works very well, but Amarok much better!


____________________________DVD ripping_____________________________

Acidrip:
Quite well featured program. Easy to use and install.
Uses xvid, x264 and others.
More: crop, scale.
I advise this for everybody.
Install:Guide
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install acidrip



Thoggen DVD ripper:
It exports to ogg theora video only.
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install thoggen



DVD95:
Works fine, but I don't know how to change language to English.
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install dvd95



DVD::rip:
This is the advanced tool for ripping. There are a lot of features in it:
-export to ogg,avi,mpg(uses ffmpeg, xvid and others)
-uses mp3&ac3 audio codec, with multiple audio tracks
-rip subtitles
-crop frame
I advise this to skilled people.
Install: Guide
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install dvdrip subtitleripper

and install the attached .deb!(needed for subtitles)



________________________Creating a video disc_________________________

DeVeDe: One of my favorites!
It makes DVD, VCD, SVCD, CVD and DivX from mpg/avi/perhaps more. It is simple to use! Automatic menu creation.
Install: Guide
DeVeDe 3.2 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
DeVeDe 3.6 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy


ManDVD:
.mpg/.avi(divx,xvid)/(perhaps more)->DVD+advanced,customizable menu
Install: Guide
ManDVD 2.4 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy and Feisty


QDVDAuthor:
A DVD, slideshow, etc. maker program.
Install:
QDVDAuthor 1.0.0 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy


DVDStyler:
.mpg->DVD-video(Video_TS/.iso)
Creates menu.
Install: Guide
DVDStyler 1.4 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty


Tovid:
It is a collection of video disc authoring tools.
Lots of options(4:3/16:9,menu-submenu,customizable colors, backgrounds,etc.)
Install: Guide
Tovid 0.31 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty


________________Video converting, compressing, & editing________________

Avidemux: One of my favorites!
It's a very good video file compressing/converting program.
.mpg->avi/.dv->.avi and much more, with many options!

Lots of filters:
-transform:crop,resize,rotate,fade,etc.
-interlacing:yadif,mcDeinterlace,Deinterlace,DGBob, etc.
-colors:Mplayer eq2,Mplayer hue,contrast,luma equalizer,etc.
-noise:Mplayer denoise3d,Mplayer hqdn3d,FluxSmooth,etc.
-sharpness:Sharpen,MSharpen,asharp,etc.
-subtitles:Subtitler,Vobsub,etc.
-misc:Blend remover,Hard pulldown removal,etc.

Install: Guide
Avidemux 2.4 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy, Feisty


ConvertIT:
If I want to be simple, this is a GUI, which uses MEncoder, ffmeg, w32codecs, etc. It converts audio too.
Extremely lots of file types are supported!
Install: steps and guide:
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=567016


QTTube:
This can download any film from You Tube.
Install:
QTTube 0.2pre1 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty, Gutsy


Gmencoder:
It is a gnome-2 front-end(GUI) to mplayer/mencoder. It's a video converter.
Install:
Gmencoder 0.1.0 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty

Converting ogg to avi:
(recordMyDesktop's ogg files)
Output audio is MP3, video is ???:
Code: Select all
mencoder out.ogg -o out.avi -oac mp3lame -ovc lavc


Output audio is MP3, video is x.264: This is rally good, but a little unsupported format. (DVD Players can't play it for example)
Code: Select all
mencoder /inputfilepath.ogg -o /outputfilepath.avi -oac mp3lame -ovc x264


Output audio is MP3, video is XviD: Hard supported and high quality in a small file. My favorite.

NOTE:This only converts the ogg to a compatible file. So make the final output with Avidemux. For example you might need to change resolution. (This doesn't modify it)
Code: Select all
mencoder -idx input.ogg -ovc xvid -xvidencopts bitrate=4500 -oac mp3lame -srate 44100 -o output.avi




______________________Video recording and editing______________________

Kino: One of my favorites!
This captures from miniDV camcoders by using IEEE 1394.
Install: Guide
Kino 1.1.1 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
Kino 1.3.0 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy

Giving permissions to Kino:
If Kino wants raw1394 to be loaded and permissions to it, type:
Code: Select all
sudo chown 666 /dev/raw1394

Might need to type every time after reboot.

Kino can:
-capture in 4:3 or 16:9, PAL or NTSC
-capture from firewire port(IEEE 1394)
-edit the captured files
-save projects in SMIL 2.0/Kino 0.9.1 XML/MJPEG Tools ELI/SRT subtitle
-add effects
-import .mpg/.avi/.ogg Theora Video files/perhaps more (import is unstable sometimes)

I advise to use Avidemux to compress the recorded dv files.

Kino captures in .dv so you need approximately 30GB to record 120min and more space to export! And don't capture more than 120min into one file. Kino might make a mistake.


Cinelerra:
Multitrack video editor and recorder.
Open: .vob/.mpg/.avi*/m2v/.m1v/.mov/.mp2/.mp3/.wav/.ifo/.xml
Render(export): .avi/.ogg(theora/vorbis)/.mov/ !I couldn't get every working!
* Not all of the avi files can be opened!

Cinelerra can:
-capture in many formats and options from many sources(It's VERY difficult to configure them right)
-Many kinds of overlay video track: normal, addition, subtract, multiply, etc.
-Many kinds of effects and transitions

Install: Guide
Gutsy


Kdenlive:
A really nice non-linear video editor with hard container support. It supports DV and HDV recording too.
Open: .avi/.mpg/.rm/.mp4/"Quicktime"/.wav/.ogg/.mp3/.jpg/ .tiff/.png etc.
Export: Flash/ Real Video/ Quicktime/ mpeg/ mpeg-4(AVI)/Xvid / DVD/ DV/ HDV/ AC3/ MP3/ WAV/ OGG Vorbis in many options (quality, resolution)
It has effects, subtitles and transitions.
It will capture from Firewire if You install dvrgrab or ffplay too.
If Kdenlive 0.4 is installed need to uninstall it: (The following installs the 0.5!)
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get remove mlt mlt++ kdenlive


Install:Guide
Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install kdenlive



Feisty:
x86:
-First step:
Download&install:mlt 0.2.3

-Second step:
Download&install:mlt++ 0.2.2

-Third step:
Download&install:Kdenlive 0.5

amd64:http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=196093

Extra step: (Kdenlive works without this)
To capture from Firewire download&install: (Perhaps already installed)
dvgrab 1.8-4 - x86
dvgrab 1.8-4 - amd64


LIVES:
Linear and non-linear video editor. DV and HDV recording from Firewire. I think it's slow a bit and quite difficult to use! Lots of effects, features, container support and it uses JACK.
Install: Guide
[uel=http://www.getdeb.net/app.php?name=LiVES]LiVES 0.9.8.6 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty[/url]
LiVES 0.9.8.7 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy


______________Audio recording, mixing, editing, & converting______________

Ardour:
Ardour is a very advanced tool for audio mixing and editing. See this!
I advise this to skilled peaple!
Install: Guide
Ardour 2.0.5 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
Ardour 2.2 - x86 and amd64 - Gutsy



Audacity: One of my favorites!
Works quite well.
Audacity likes Jack, but I found that Jack makes issues.(short pauses during record)
So I advise to use ALSA for recording and playing.
You can select these at:Edit->Preferences->Audio I/O
Install: Guide
Audacity 1.3.3 - x86 and amd64 - Feisty
Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install audacity

If Audacity says this when you try to capture:
Error while opening sound device. Please check the input device settings and the project sample rate.

-You should close other opened recorders like gtk-recordMyDesktop.
-Try to choose other devices (Audio I/O).(I uses "ALSA: Ensoniq AudioPCI: ES1371 DAC2/ADC (hw:0,0)" for recording, and "ALSA: Ensoniq AudioPCI: ES1371 DAC1 (hw:0,1)" for playing)
-48000Hz usually good for sample rate


LMMS:
This is a mixer, editor.
Many kinds of plug-ins...(see the YouTube video at the install link)
Install: Guide
LMMS 0.3.0 - x86 - Feisty
Gutsy:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install lmms



SoundConverter:
It knows .ogg Vorbis/.mp3/.flac/.wav formats.
Simple, easy to use and it works!
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install soundconverter


Converting wav to aac:
As I know most mobile phones use this(aac) file type. I found that wav is more compatible with FAAC than mp3. However it's your choice.
Install:
Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install faac


Than use this command:
Code: Select all
faac -c 8000 -q 90 -o OUTPUT.aac INPUT.wav


-c 8000 is the sample rate(might use higher)
-q 90 is the quality(100 is the best)
type "faac --help" for more options


__________Appendix:__________

MythTV:
Information about it.
Someone has found an easy way to update it:
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=536555
Gutsy: In the repository.
___________________________________________________________________

Now You know which program is needed for You. Only have to learn how to use it!
If You use a good multimedia software, and I haven't written about it, PLEASE PM me Its name and a short description!
1st Box: Ultimate Edition 2.0 x64/ 1.8 x64
2nd Box: XP (dusty)
3rd Box: Stable Media box Ultimate Edition 1.8 x64 with XBMC

The Oxen are slow but the Earth is patient ~Chuen~
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LeadFingers
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